Synopsis Of Ceramics And Pottery
People often ask us to define ceramics and pottery, as well as the distinctions between earthenware, stoneware, and porcelain.
This blog post will provide you a basic understanding of these terms and how to utilize them correctly.
It's all the same in the world of ceramics and pottery.
Ceramic means "of pottery" or "for pottery" in Greek, whence the word originates.
Items composed of clay that have been burned to solidify the clay and then decorated or glazed are known as pottery or ceramic.
Clay is a naturally occurring byproduct of rock that has been weathered. It may be used as tableware since it is malleable, hardens permanently when baked, and is hence a practical material.
There are three distinct types of pottery and ceramics. There are three main categories, namely earthenware, stoneware, and porcelain.
If you want to make any earthenware, you'll need to fire clay at a temperature of between 1,000 and 1,150 degrees Fahrenheit. Because of its porous (tiny holes through which liquid or air may enter) and brittle nature, the material created in this way is unsuitable for water confinement.
This is remedied by applying a glaze to the item before firing it a second time to render it impervious to water.
Stoneware is created using a unique kind of clay and a higher baking temperature (about 1,200 degrees Celsius). In this state, the material takes on the look and feel of a thick stone and is far more resistant to wear and tear. The finished product, unlike earthenware, will be impervious to water and won't need any glazing.
Refined clay is fired at temperatures between 1,200 and 1,450 degrees Celsius to create porcelain. The final result is a hard and shiny white or clear material.
Since the first porcelain was made in China in 1600 BC, the term "fine china" has been synonymous with bone china, which is porcelain that has had powdered animal bone added to the clay to make it even more durable.
Briefly, we will examine the similarities and differences between Earthenware, Stoneware, and Porcelain with regard to the temperature at which the clay is burnt and the resulting strength, water resistance, and durability of the finished items.
Stoneware and Porcelain are two of the most lasting varieties of ceramic, and their quality is determined by the purity and quality of the clay used to produce them.